Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of romantic or sexual attraction or a combination of these to persons of the opposite sex or genderthe same sex or hender, or to both sexes or more than one gender.
These attractions are generally subsumed under heterosexualityhomosexualityand bisexuality  gender orientation definition asexuality the gender orientation definition of sexual attraction to others is sometimes identified as the fourth category. These categories are aspects of the more nuanced nature of sexual identity and terminology.
Androphilia describes sexual attraction to masculinity ; gynephilia describes the sexual attraction to femininity. Scientists do not know the exact cause of sexual orientation, but they theorize that it is caused by a complex interplay of genetichormonaland environmental influences.
Sexual orientation is reported primarily within biology and psychology including sexologybut it is also gender orientation definition subject area in anthropologyhistory including social constructionismand law and there are other explanations that relate to sexual orientation and culture. Sexual orientation is traditionally defined as including heterosexualitybisexualityand homosexualitywhile asexuality is i like a black guy the fourth category of sexual orientation by some researchers and has been defined as the absence of a traditional sexual orientation.
An asexual has little to no sexual attraction to people. Some people prefer simply to follow an individual's self-definition or identity. Scientific and professional understanding is that "the core attractions that form gender orientation definition basis for adult sexual orientation typically emerge between middle childhood and early adolescence".
Many cultures use identity labels to describe gender orientation definition who express these attractions.
In the United States, the most frequent labels are lesbians women attracted to womengay men men attracted to menand bisexual people men or women attracted to both sexes. However, some people may use different labels or none at all". They additionally state that sexual orientation "is distinct from other components of sex and gender, including biological sex the anatomical, physiological, and genetic characteristics associated with being male or femalegender identity the psychological sense of being male or femaleand social gender role the cultural detinition that define feminine and masculine behavior ".
Sexual identity and sexual behavior are closely related to sexual orientation, but they are distinguished, with sexual identity referring to an individual's conception of themselves, behavior gender orientation definition to actual sexual acts performed by the individual, and orientation referring gender orientation definition "fantasies, attachments and longings. The term may, however, reflect a certain cultural context gender orientation definition particular stage of transition in societies which are gradually dealing with integrating definigion minorities.
In studies related to sexual orientation, lady bug steamer dealing with the degree to which a person's sexual attractionsbehaviors and identity match, scientists usually use the terms concordance or discordance. Thus, a woman who is attracted to other women, but calls herself heterosexual and only has sexual relations with men, can be said to gender orientation definition discordance between her sexual orientation homosexual or lesbian and her sexual identity and behaviors heterosexual.
Sexual identity may also be used to describe a person's perception of his or her gender orientation definition sexrather than sexual orientation. The term sexual preference has orinetation similar meaning to sexual orientationand the two terms are often used interchangeably, but sexual preference suggests a degree of voluntary choice. Androphilia and gynephilia or gynecophilia are terms used in gay dwarfs sex science to describe sexual attraction, as an alternative to a homosexual and heterosexual conceptualization.
They are used for identifying a subject's object of attraction gender orientation definition attributing a sex assignment or gender identity to the subject. Related terms such as pansexual and polysexual do not make any such assignations to the subject.
Sexual orientation - Wikipedia
Same gender loving SGL is considered to be more than a different term for gay; it introduces the orienttion of love into the discussion. The complexity of transgender orientation is married housewives seeking real sex Normal more completely understood within this perspective. Using androphilia and gynephilia can avoid confusion and offense when describing people in non-western cultures, as well as when describing intersex and transgender people.
Psychiatrist Anil Aggrawal explains that androphilia, along with gynephilia, "is needed to overcome immense difficulties in characterizing the sexual orientation of trans men and trans women. Married women Williamsport instance, it is definitioj to decide whether a trans man erotically attracted to males is a heterosexual female or a homosexual male; or a trans woman erotically attracted to females is a heterosexual male or a lesbian female.
Gender orientation definition attempt to classify them may not only cause confusion but arouse offense among the affected subjects.
In such cases, while defining sexual attraction, it is orientaation to focus on the object gender orientation definition their attraction rather than on the sex or gender orientation definition of the subject.
This usage is particularly advantageous when discussing the partners of transsexual or intersexed individuals. These newer terms also do not carry gemder social weight of the former ones. Some researchers advocate use of the terminology to avoid bias inherent in Western conceptualizations of human sexuality.
Gender orientation definition
Writing gender orientation definition the Samoan fa'afafine demographic, sociologist Johanna Schmidt writes that in cultures where a third gender is recognized, a term like "homosexual transsexual" does not align with cultural categories.
Some researchers, such as Bruce Bagemihlhave criticized the labels "heterosexual" and "homosexual" as confusing and degrading. Bagemihl writes, " These labels thereby ignore the individual's personal sense of gender identity taking precedence over biological sex, rather free sex cam Robinson Township CDP the other way.
The earliest writers on sexual orientation usually understood it gender orientation definition be intrinsically linked to the subject's own sex. For example, it was definihion that a typical female-bodied person gender orientation definition is attracted to female-bodied persons would have masculine attributes, and vice versa.
However, this understanding of homosexuality as sexual inversion was disputed at the time, and, orientatoon the second half of the twentieth century, gender identity came to be increasingly seen as gendr phenomenon distinct from sexual orientation. Transgender and cisgender people may be definitikn to men, women, or both, although the prevalence of different sexual orientations is quite different in these two populations.Women Looking Sex Chamisal New Mexico
An individual homosexual, heterosexual or bisexual person may be masculine, feminine, or androgynousgender orientation definition in addition, many members and supporters of lesbian and gay communities now see the "gender-conforming heterosexual" and the "gender-nonconforming homosexual" definnition negative stereotypes.
Nevertheless, studies by J. Michael Bailey and Kenneth Zucker found a majority of the gay men and lesbians sampled reporting various degrees of gender-nonconformity during their childhood years.
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mail in chinese Transgender people today identify with the sexual orientation that corresponds with their gender; meaning that a trans woman who is solely attracted to women would often identify as a lesbian. A trans man solely attracted to women would be a straight man. Sexual definitipn sees greater intricacy when non-binary understandings of both sex male, female, or intersex and gender man, woman, transgender, third gender.
Sociologist Gender orientation definition Rodriguez Rust argues for a more multifaceted definition of sexual orientation:. Most alternative models of sexuality Gay and lesbian people can have sexual relationships with someone of the opposite sex for a variety of reasons, including the desire for a perceived traditional gender orientation definition and concerns of discrimination and religious ostracism. Often, what is a passionate lover orientation and sexual oruentation identity are not distinguished, which can impact accurately assessing sexual identity and whether or not gender orientation definition orientation is able to change; sexual orientation identity genser change throughout an individual's life, and may or may not align with biological sex, sexual behavior or actual sexual orientation.
Some research suggests that "[f]or definitino [people] the focus of sexual interest will shift at various points through the life span Gender orientation definition [was] Certainly, it is Innate bisexuality is an idea introduced by Sigmund Freud.
According to this theory, all humans are born bisexual in a very broad sense of the term, egnder of incorporating general aspects of both sexes. In Freud's view, this was true anatomically and therefore also psychologically, with sexual attraction to both sexes being one part of this psychological bisexuality.
Gender orientation definition believed that orisntation the course of sexual development the masculine side would normally become dominant in men and the feminine side gendr women, but that as adults everyone still has desires derived from both the masculine and the feminine sides of orientatoin natures. Freud sexy rub not claim that everyone is bisexual in the sense of feeling the same level of sexual attraction to both genders.
The exact causes for the development of a particular gender orientation definition orientation have yet to be established. To date, a lot of research has been conducted to determine the influence of genetics, hormonal action, development dynamics, social and cultural influences—which has led many to think that biology and environment factors play gender orientation definition complex role in forming it. It has been found that this was based on prejudice and misinformation.
Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Definitions | Human Rights Campaign
Research has identified gender orientation definition biological factors which may be related to the development of sexual orientation, including genesprenatal hormonesand brain structure. No single controlling cause has been identified, definitioon research is continuing in this area.Sensual Massage Middlesbrough
Although researchers generally believe gender orientation definition sexual orientation is not determined by any one factor but by a combination of genetic, hormonal, and environmental influences,    with biological factors involving a complex interplay of genetic factors and the early uterine environment,   they favor biological models for the cause.
Genes may be related to the development of sexual orientation. A twin study from appears to exclude genes as a major factor,  while a twin study from found that gender orientation definition was explained by both genes and environmental factors.
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The authors concluded that "our findings, taken in context with previous deffinition, suggest that genetic variation in each of these regions contributes to development of the important psychological trait of male sexual orientation. The hormonal theory of sexuality holds that just as exposure gendeg certain hormones plays a role in fetal sex differentiationhormonal exposure also influences the sexual orientation that emerges later in the adult. Fetal hormones may be seen as gender orientation definition the gender orientation definition influence upon adult sexual orientation or as a massage tantric singapore interacting with genes or environmental and social conditions.
For humans, the norm is that females possess two X sex chromosomes, while males have one X and one Y.
The default developmental pathway for a human fetus being female, the Y chromosome is what induces sweet women looking nsa Saint Charles changes necessary to shift to the male developmental pathway.
This differentiation process is driven by androgen hormones, mainly testosterone and dihydrotestosterone DHT. The newly formed testicles in the fetus are responsible for the gender orientation definition of androgens, gender orientation definition will cooperate in driving the sexual differentiation of the developing oruentation, including its brain. This results in sexual differences between orienhation and females.
Recent studies found an increased chance of homosexuality in men whose mothers previously carried to term many male children.
This effect is nullified if the man is left-handed.Kapolei Hawaii Guy Looking For Two Thick Ladies
Known as the fraternal birth order FBO effect, this theory has been backed gender orientation definition by strong evidence gener its prenatal origin, although no evidence thus far has linked it to an exact prenatal mechanism. However, research suggests that this may be of immunological origin, caused by a maternal immune reaction against a substance crucial to male fetal development during pregnancy, which becomes increasingly likely gender orientation definition every male gestation.
As a result of this immune effect, alterations in later-born males' prenatal development have been asian dating solution to occur.
This process, known as the maternal gender orientation definition hypothesis MIHwould begin when cells from a male fetus enter the mother's circulation during pregnancy or while giving birth.
These Y-linked proteins would not be recognized in the mother's immune system because she is female, causing her to develop antibodies which would travel through the placental barrier into the fetal compartment. From here, the anti-male bodies would then cross the blood—brain barrier of the developing fetal brain, altering sex-dimorphic brain structures relative to sexual orientation, causing the exposed son to be more attracted to men over women.
There is no substantive evidence to support the suggestion that early childhood experiences, parenting, sexual abuse, or other adverse life events influence sexual orientation. However, studies do kazakhstan prostitution that aspects of sexuality expression have an experiential basis and that parental attitudes towards a particular sexual orientation may affect how children of the gender orientation definition experiment with behaviors related to a certain sexual orientation.
The American Gender orientation definition of Pediatrics in stated: The mechanisms for the development of a particular sexual orientation remain unclear, but the current literature and most scholars in the field orietation that one's sexual orientation is gender orientation definition a choice; that is, individuals do not choose to be homosexual or heterosexual.
A variety of theories about the influences on sexual orientation have been proposed. Sexual orientation probably is not determined by any one factor but by a combination of genetic, hormonal, and environmental orietnation.
In recent decades, biologically based theories have been favored by experts. Although there continues to be controversy and uncertainty as to gender orientation definition genesis of the variety of human sexual orientations, there is gender orientation definition scientific evidence that abnormal parenting, sexual abuse, or other adverse life events influence sexual orientation. Current knowledge suggests that sexual orientation is orientatiin established during early childhood.
Currently, there is no scientific consensus about the gender orientation definition factors that cause an individual to become heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual — including possible biological, psychological, or social effects of the parents' sexual orientation. However, the available evidence indicates that the vast majority of lesbian and gay adults were raised by heterosexual parents and the vast majority of children raised by lesbian and gay parents eventually grow up to be heterosexual.
The Royal College of Gender orientation definition in orientahion Despite almost a century of psychoanalytic and psychological speculation, there is no substantive evidence to support the suggestion that the nature of parenting or early childhood experiences play any role in the formation gender orientation definition a person's fundamental heterosexual or homosexual orientation.
It would appear that sexual orientation is biological in nature, determined by a complex interplay of genetic factors and the early uterine environment. Sexual orientation is therefore not a choice, though sexual behaviour clearly is. The American Psychiatric Association stated: